Dementia and Alzheimer Disease

Have you ever met a person who is having difficulty remembering the most basic details to an extent that it has become difficult for them to perform their day to day operations? If the answer to this question is yes, then the most chances are that the person is having a condition popularly known as Dementia. It is broad or general term encompassing all conditions when a person mental ability is downgraded to a point that he/she can no longer do their routine tasks properly. One of the most common and known throughout the world form of dementia is Alzheimer. As much as 80 out of 100 cases of Dementia can be classified as Alzheimer cases. After Alzheimer, Vascular dementia is the second most diagnosed dementia type. It can occur in patients after they have had a stroke. If a person is having thyroid problems, then they become prone to acquiring dementia. Vitamin deficiency is one other reason by which people can acquire dementia.


Common Types of Dementia


  1. 1.   Alzheimer's
  2. 2.   Vascular dementia
  3. 3.    Lewy body dementia
  4. 4.    Parkinson's
  5. 5.    Frontotemporal
  6. 6.    Creutzfeldt-Jakob
  7. 7.    Wernicke-Korsakoff
  8. 8.    Mixed dementia
  9. 9.    Normal pressure hydrocephalus
  10. 10.  Huntington’s disease


What is Alzheimer?

Alzheimer is a type of dementia. Although it is common to use these terms interchangeably, they are not the same thing. Alzheimer is a chronic disease. It is usually seen in patients over the age of 65 years. If however it is found in younger people, it is termed as early onset Alzheimer. We have yet to find a cure for this disease but certain treatments are available which can reduce the speed of Alzheimer. Some people are more prone to this disease than others. People with someone in their family who had earlier suffered from Alzheimer is more likely to get it in comparison to people who did not have a prior case of Alzheimer in their family. There is not a set course that the person suffering from the disease undergo. Some people may only experience very little brain damage and are likely to live longer. In other cases, the progression of Alzheimer may be quicker than expected.


Symptoms of Alzheimer

It happens almost with every living person in the world that they forget something. This does not mean that they are suffering from Alzheimer. So, one may ask how to distinguish a dumb person from a person suffering from Alzheimer. The answer is simple enough. If the condition of the person in context degenerates over time, then it safe to assume that the person is suffering from Alzheimer. The most common symptoms of Alzheimer include memory lose to an extent that person loses their power to keep appointments. They may feel difficulty in performing daily tasks like operating a microwave oven. They may feel difficulty in studies and problem-solving tasks. It is generally harder for them to write a speech. They may forget the most common places they visit on a daily base. They may also lose the sense of time. Their ability to judge decreases. They may have episodes of mood swings. In certain cases, they may feel to avoid their friends and family.


Stages of Alzheimer

The state of a person suffering from Alzheimer degrades over time in stages. With each stage, the symptoms of the patient get worse. The number of Alzheimer stages is seven. In stage 1, no signs or symptoms are visible and the only real indicator for the presence of the disease is the family history. The next stage is when the patient starts showing signs of forgetfulness. This is, however, a very early stage and only a few occurrences are expected to be observed. In the third stage, the physical and mental deterioration of the person starts to take effect. It is believed that this stage can easily be detected by a person close enough to the patient. The stage number four is when it becomes obvious that the person is suffering from Alzheimer. Although this stage is still considered early phases of the disease, loss of memory is clearly visible. At this time, the person starts facing difficulty to person routine tasks. The next stage comes with more serious symptoms. A close person or a caretaker must be taking good care of the patient at this stage. In the sixth stage, the person becomes so vulnerable that it becomes impossible for them to eat their meals by themselves. A separate person is needed to feed the patient and change their clothes etc. The last stage of Alzheimer hits the person so hard that they lose their voice as well as their facial expressions.


Prevention of Alzheimer

Alzheimer is one of the diseases for which we are yet to find a perfect cure. Also, there are no definite measures to prevent the disease as well. One good measure that the experts suggest is to maintain a healthy lifestyle. This is indisputably, the way to go if you want to stay away from Alzheimer or for that matter any other disease. It is important for people to quit smoking as it is a bad habit and along with cancer causes many other health issues. We must keep a check on our drinking habit and should limit the consumption of Alcohol. The use of illegal drugs should be avoided. It is not only bad for your health but also bad for society as a whole. Everyone should exercise on a regular basis. By doing this we ensure that we stay fit and our blood circulation remains healthy. To help prevent Alzheimer, solving brain teasers and doing related brain exercises is highly recommended. One must eat vegetarian food. It is important to eat antioxidants to neutralize the oxidants built in the body on a regular base. One must also maintain an active social life. It really helps to cheer you up. We must avoid seclusion from society. We must also stay in touch with our doctor and maintain a healthy body check up on a timely base.